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জেনে নিন কণ্ঠস্বর সম্পর্কে অজানা তথ্য

এক্সপ্রেস ডেক্স ::  পৃথিবীর প্রতিটি মানুষই একেবারে স্বতন্ত্র আর আলাদা কণ্ঠস্বর নিয়ে জন্মায়। জন্ম থেকেই মানব শরীরে পাওয়া বিস্ময়কর এই যন্ত্রটি নিয়ে বিস্তারিত গবেষণা করেছে বিবিসির বিজ্ঞানভিত্তিক অনুষ্ঠান ‘দ্য কিউরিয়াস কেসেস অব রুথারফোর্ড অ্যান্ড ফ্রাই’। এ গবেষণায় কণ্ঠস্বর সম্পর্কে মজার তথ্য উঠে এসেছে।

 

১. গর্ভে থাকতেই নিজস্ব স্বরভঙ্গী

জন্মের আগেই, মায়ের গর্ভে থাকার সময়ই শিশু শিখে যায় তার বাবা-মায়ের কথা বলার নিজস্ব স্বরভঙ্গি বা একসেন্ট। বিবিসি জানাচ্ছে, একেক ভাষার একেক রকম যে কথার টান আছে, সেটির প্রকাশ ঘটে নবজাতকের কান্নার মধ্যেও। গবেষকরা একদল ফরাসী ও জার্মান নবজাতককে গবেষণা করে দেখেছে যে, এই শিশুদের কান্নার ধরনের মাঝেও রয়েছে তাদের ভাষার নিজস্ব টান। গবেষকরা এমনকি এটিও দাবি করেছেন যে, নবজাতকের কান্নার ধরণ দেখেই বলে দেয়া যাবে শিশুটি পৃথিবীর কোন অঞ্চলের।

 

২. স্বরবক্সের ধ্বনিটি যেমন করে বাজে

বুকের খাঁচা থেকেই স্বরধ্বনির শুরু। তারপর গলা, ঠোঁট, চোয়াল, জিহ্বাসহ আরও কিছু প্রয়োজনীয় প্রত্যঙ্গের সহায়তা নিয়ে মানুষ কথা বলে। এভাবে অনেক ধাপ পেরিয়ে আপনার স্বর স্বতন্ত্র হয়ে বেজে ওঠে।

 

৩. কেন স্বর গভীরতর হয়

পুরুষের কণ্ঠস্বর তার কৈশোরে ভেঙে পুরুষালী হয়ে ওঠে। আর পুরুষের গলায় যে বাইরের দিকে বেরোনো চোখা মতন একটি অংশ আছে সেটিকে ডাকা হয় ‘এডাম্স এপল’। মুখ থেকে গলার অভ্যন্তরে থাকা স্বরবক্সের যেই দূরত্ব সেটি সাধারণত একটু দীর্ঘ হয় আর এই অংশটুকুকে ডাকা হয় ভোকাল ট্র্যাক্ট বা কণ্ঠনালী। কণ্ঠনালী যত লম্বা হয় ধ্বনি তত নিচু হয়। তাই পুরুষের স্বর হয় গভীর। আর নারীদের মেনোপজের সময় তাদের স্বরে বদল আসে। তখনই তাদের স্বরের তীক্ষ্ণতাও কমে আসে।

 

৪. মানুষ যাকে পছন্দ করে তার বলার ভঙ্গি অনুকরণ করে

আপনি যদি কাউকে খুব পছন্দ করেন বা যদি কারও প্রতি আপনার পছন্দের মাত্রা বাড়তে থাকে, তাহলে নিজে থেকেই তার কথার ধরণ অনুকরণ করেন। যেমন: কোনো পুরুষ যদি কোনো নারীকে খুব ভালোবাসে তবে সেই নারীর সঙ্গে কথা বলার সময় কোনো কিছু বুঝে ওঠার আগেই সে উঁচুপিচে কথা বলার চেষ্টা করে।

 

৫. বয়স হলে স্বর দুর্বল হয়ে আসে

যত বয়স হতে থাকে ততই ভোকাল কর্ড বা স্বরতন্ত্র দুর্বল হতে থাকে। ফলে, বাতাসের ওপরে নিয়ন্ত্রণ কমে আসতে থাকে। এজন্যই বয়স্করা দীর্ঘ বাক্য বলতে গিয়ে দম ফুরিয়ে আসে। আর এ বয়সে মাসলগুলো দুর্বল হয় বলে স্বরের তীক্ষ্ণতা বেড়ে যায়।

 

৬. শরীরের তুলনায় স্বরের বয়স বাড়ে ধীরে

মানুষের কণ্ঠস্বর শুনে তার বয়স অনুমান করার চেষ্টা করেছেন কখনও? বিবিসি বলছে, গবেষণায় তারা দেখেছে যে, মানুষের শরীর যত দ্রুত বুড়ো হয় স্বর তত দ্রুত বুড়িয়ে যায় না। তাই, মানুষের বয়সের তুলনায় তার স্বর সাধারণত কম বয়সী শোনায়।

 

৭. নিজের কণ্ঠস্বরকে সাবলীল রাখতে করণীয়

নিজের স্বরকে সাবলীল আর সুন্দর রাখতে আপনি কিছু সাধারণ ব্যায়াম করতে পারেন। যেমন: যে কোনো একটি শব্দ, ধরা যাক বাংলায়, ‘আহামরি’ শব্দটি আপনি নিলেন। এই শব্দটিকে টেনে টেনে লম্বা করে জোরে জোরে উচ্চারণ করুন। যেমন: আ-আআআআআআ-হা-আআআআআ-ম-অঅঅঅ-রি-ইইইইই। এভাবে একেবারে দম ফুরিয়ে না যাওয়া পর্যন্ত সশব্দে উচ্চারণ করুন। এ রকম কয়েকবার করুন।

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৯৪ responses to “জেনে নিন কণ্ঠস্বর সম্পর্কে অজানা তথ্য”

  1. adidas shoes says:

    The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. an total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

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    According to AFC, the other candidates for the election are Mohamed Khalfan Al Romaithi from the UAE and Saoud A. Aziz a Al-Mohannadi from Qatar.

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    He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy as well as environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

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    Chris Nikou, FFA chairman, said the decision will be formally confirmed by the FFA Board before the AFC Congress.

  5. China and ASEAN have arrived at a single draft negotiating text of COC as well as agreed to complete the first reading of the pact in 2019, Li noted.

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    Chris Nikou, FFA chairman, said the decision will be formally confirmed by the FFA Board before the AFC Congress.

  8. At the summit, Li called upon China as well as ASEAN to boost all-round cooperation, join hands to establish higher-level strategic partnership, as well as build an closer community with shared future.

  9. China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

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  12. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators. The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, and it can unify the languages.

  13. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy as well as environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

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    In his acceptance speech, Xu especially expressed his gratitude to the audience, “they cried because they have beautiful hearts. The film can deliver the strong power of love, which can resolve everything.” The movie, which raked in 3.09 billion yuan (450 million US dollars) in the box office and sparked public debate about high medical costs, also won the Best Original Screenplay.

  15. ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  16. China as well as ASEAN already reached an Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) years ago, and have been seeking a more robust code of conduct.

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    Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking and their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.

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    Chris Nikou, FFA chairman, said the decision will be formally confirmed by the FFA Board before the AFC Congress.

  19. polo uk says:

    Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as a historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  20. Celebrated filmmaker Zhang Yimou, who was awarded the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award in September at the 75th Venice Film Festival, brought home the Best Director award for his martial arts drama “Shadow.”

  21. Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of a new mechanism for science and technology innovation cooperation, implement the science and technology partnership program, conduct research as well as prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, as well as support the establishment of an digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.

  22. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is a proven way to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

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  24. Tinker Hatfield created them, Michael Jordan seared them in the general publics collective memory with a scintillating shot against the Cleveland Cavaliers in the 1989 NBA Playoffs, and in the 30 years since.

  25. Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as a devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

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    Calling the summit an milestone for bilateral strategic partnership, ASEAN leaders said that it is in the interests of both sides to safeguard multilateralism as well as free trade as well as that ASEAN is ready to align its development strategies with the Belt and Road Initiative and open up more space for cooperation.

  27. Sun Zhaolong, an researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China as well as World Studies, wrote in an article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play an exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

  28. Raja’s defense team has argued that their client feared for his life when Jones drew his gun.

  29. SINGAPORE, Nov. 15 (mennhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Wednesday called for efforts to upgrade the strategic partnership among China as well as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as the two sides adopted a key document to chart the course for their ties till 2030.

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    Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of an new mechanism for science and technology innovation cooperation, implement the science as well as technology partnership program, conduct research as well as prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, as well as support the establishment of an digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.

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    Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic and Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

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    Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic and goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko and AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  34. China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

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  36. Urging China as well as ASEAN to enhance strategic planning, Li said the two sides should, under the guidance of ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership Vision 2030, synergize the Belt and Road Initiative with the ASEAN Vision 2025, and strengthen the building of the three pillars — the political security, economy and trade, and people-to-people exchanges, so as to lift China-ASEAN relations to a higher level.

  37. The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

  38. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity and stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI and Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to a joint communique issued by the two countries.

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    Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic and goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko as well as AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  40. The RCEP free trade talks involve the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around a third of the global GDP.

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    During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico as well as Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, and pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges as well as cooperation among the two sides.

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    ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  43. Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie “Dear EX” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG PhotoHsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie "Dear EX" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

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    Outsiders should respect the will of regional countries as well as have faith in their wisdom to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, Li added.

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    To deepen economic and trade cooperation, Li expects China and ASEAN to work with other relevant countries to substantially conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) at an early date, expand cooperation and reduce barriers to trade as well as investment.

  46. Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup and Costume Design, and Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

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    Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG PhotoDirector Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

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